Trauma surgery is a surgical subspecialty that deals with the management of injuries caused by sudden and severe physical trauma, such as car accidents, falls, and gunshot wounds. Trauma surgeons are responsible for stabilizing critically injured patients and performing surgery to repair or remove damaged tissue, bones, and organs.
Surgeons may perform a wide range of procedures, such as:
- Exploratory laparotomy: an abdominal surgery to assess the extent of internal injuries and to repair or remove damaged organs.
- Craniotomy: a surgery to remove a portion of the skull to access the brain and treat traumatic brain injuries
- Thoracotomy: a surgery to access the chest and treat injuries to the lungs, heart and great vessels
- Fracture repair: a surgery to repair broken bones, such as those in the arms, legs, or spine.
- Vascular surgery: surgery to repair or replace damaged blood vessels
Surgeons work in close collaboration with other specialists such as Anesthesiologists, Radiologists, Intensivists and other surgical subspecialists depending on the injuries and the condition of the patient. They also work closely with emergency medical services (EMS) teams to ensure that critically injured patients receive prompt and appropriate care.